1 flowing profusely; "a gushing hydrant"; "pouring flood waters" [syn: pouring]
2 uttered with unrestrained enthusiasm; "a novel told in burbly panting tones" [syn: burbling, burbly, effusive]
3 extravagantly demonstrative; "insincere and effusive demonstrations of sentimental friendship"; "a large gushing female"; "write unrestrained and gushy poetry" [syn: effusive, emotional, gushing(a), gushy]
- Rhymes: -ʌʃɪŋ
- present participle of gush
Female ejaculation (also known colloquially as squirting or gushing) refers to the expulsion of noticeable amounts of clear fluid by human females from the paraurethral ducts and/or urethra during orgasm. The exact source of the fluid is debated, although some researchers believe it originates from the Skene's gland.
Relation to urinary incontinenceFor most of the last century, there was controversy over whether the effect existed at all, and in recent history there has been confusion between female ejaculation and urinary incontinence. However, scientific studies from the 1980s and later have demonstrated that a substance is produced which is distinct from urine, though it shares some qualities, such as alkalinity, with urine.
Sexual stimulationAccording to some, female ejaculation is mostly accomplished by stimulation of the urethral sponge (sometimes identified as the G-spot) an area purported to be near the front of the vaginal wall. More rarely, ejaculation can be accomplished through external stimulation of the clitoris alone, the internal tissue of the clitoris then contracting and stimulating the urethral tissue.
Historical and scientific discussionFemale ejaculation has been discussed in anatomical, medical, and biological literature since classical antiquity. The Greek philosopher Aristotle noted the existence of female ejaculation, and the Roman physician Galen (2nd century) described the female prostate. The Italian Renaissance anatomist Renaldus Columbus referred to female ejaculate in his explanation of the function of the clitoris. In the 17th century, the Dutch anatomist Regnier de Graaf wrote a book about female anatomy and spoke of female fluid "rushing out" and "coming in one gush" during sexual excitement.
Modern investigationUp until the 1980s female ejaculation was largely ignored by the medical community. At that time the subject resurfaced with the bestselling book The G-Spot by Ladas, Whipple, and Perry. The book not only addressed the validity of the G-spot, but it also brought female ejaculation to the forefront of women's sexual health inside the medical community.
Lack of understandingWhile many in the medical and scientific communities are now acknowledging the existence of female ejaculation, there remains a large void when it comes to solid scientific data explaining:
- The process of ejaculation in females.
- The source of the fluid itself.
Nature of the fluidStudies have been done by Beverly Whipple, John Perry, Gary Schubach, Milan Zaviacic and Cabello Santamaria but their findings are limited. While current information offers no solid information about the source of the fluid, chemical analysis performed on the fluid has revealed that while it sometimes contains at least traces of urine, it regularly contains chemical markers unique to the prostate (whether male or female).
- Skene's gland also produces Human Protein 1, a trait formerly believed to be unique to the male prostate.
Studies have found that:
- 54-60% of women have experienced emission of fluid at orgasm,
- with 6% reporting that they regularly ejaculate in a forceful manner, and
- an additional 13% stating that they have done so infrequently.
Ancient reportsIt must also be noted that female ejaculation has long been reported in Ancient Indian, Jewish and Chinese History.
ResearchThere have been a number of studies carried out on the fluid expelled during female ejaculation to determine the chemical makeup. Through chemical analysis the expelled fluid has been found to contain the following:
- glucose (a natural sugar) and fructose (another natural sugar, also found in the prostatic fluid of semen)
- prostate-specific antigen (PSA), a protein in male ejaculate produced by the prostate gland, and in females, believed to be generated by Skene's glands
- very low levels of creatinine and urea (the two primary chemical markers of urine, found in high levels in pre- and post-ejaculatory urinalysis).
In 1988, Milan Zaviacic, M.D., Ph.D., head of the Institute of Pathology, Comenius University Bratislava, published a study of five women who were patients at a fertility department of a hospital of gynecology and obstetrics. Total samples from one of the participants and one of four samples from a second participant were collected in the laboratory. The rest were collected at the homes of the women and transported to the laboratory in ice. In four of the five cases, the samples were analyzed within three hours of collection, with the fifth subject’s specimens analyzed three months after collection. The results in all five cases showed a higher concentration of fructose in the ejaculate sample than in the urine sample.
According to studies conducted by the Universidade de São Paulo, by doctor Paulo Carvalho Fez Barroso, a probable explanation to the fact was that of the female ejaculation delivers important energy sources such as glucose and fructose to improve the semen feeding sources, thus improving too the chances of fertilization of the woman's egg.
In 1997 Dr. F Cabello Santamaria analyzed urine for PSA using Microparticle Enzyme Immunoassay and found that 75 percent of the samples showed a concentration of PSA in post-orgasmic urine samples which was not present in pre-orgasmic urine samples. The fluid collected at the point of orgasm (distinct from the urine samples) showed the presence of PSA in 100 percent of samples.
In 2002, Emanuele Jannini of L'Aquila University in Italy offered one explanation for this phenomenon, as well as for the frequent denials of its existence:
Skene's gland openings are usually the size of pinholes, and vary in size from one woman to another, to the point where they appear to be missing entirely in some women. If Skene's glands are the cause of female ejaculation, this may explain the observed absence of this phenomenon in many women.
In 2007, researchers at Rudolfstiftung Hospital-Urology, Vienna, performed high-resolution ultrasound and urethroscopy on two premenopausal women who reported orgasmic ejaculation. They verified diffuse glandular tissue around the length of the female urethra with an midline ductal opening at 6 o'clock position just inside the urethral meatus. Biochemical analysis of collected female ejaculate was found to be consistent with prostatic secretions and not urine.
Misinformation about female ejaculation can lead to misdiagnosis of underlying medical conditions or wrong diagnosis where no medical condition exists.
Current studies verify that female ejaculate is expelled through the urethra yet many continue to believe that the fluid leaves the body through the vagina. Expulsion of copious amounts of fluid from the vagina is called profuse vaginal discharge and can have several different causes:
- infection or sexually transmitted disease - presents with typical symptoms including itch, odor and / or redness;
- a sexually transmitted infection such as Trichomonas vaginalis which will often present without typical symptoms; or
- physiological discharge - an abundant amount of discharge with no underlying medical disorder.
For this reason it is important that any female who experiences abnormal amounts of vaginal discharge undergo a physical examination to rule out underlying medical conditions.
In other cases, women who may not be fully educated about female ejaculation may assume themselves to be suffering from urinary stress incontinence and seek medical intervention. Treatment for urinary stress incontinence may involve the use of medications or surgery, both unnecessary and dangerous if the source of the fluid leakage is female ejaculation.
British film classification
In the United Kingdom, the British Board of Film Classification has neither confirmed nor denied the existence of the phenomenon of female ejaculation, only claiming that all examples they have seen thus far during classification have been urination during sex. Therefore, any sex videos on the UK market are allegedly yet to feature the phenomenon.
- Addiego, F., Belzer, E. G., Comolli, J., Moger, W., Perry, J. D., & Whipple, B. (1981). Female ejaculation: A case study. The Journal of Sex Research, 17, 13-21.
- Arthur, Clint (2004) "9 Free Secrets of New Sensual Power"
- An Annotated Bibliography on Sexual Arousal, Orgasm, and Female Ejaculation in Humans and Animals
- The-Clitoris.com: Female Ejaculation & The G-Spot: Instructions and diagrams from the feminist perspective.
- Electronic Journal of Human Sexuality: Urethral Expulsions During Sensual Arousal and Bladder Catheterization in Seven Human Females by Gary Schubach ("Female Ejaculation" Bibliography)
- Feminists Against Censorship: Submission to the BBFC: Female Ejaculation: Research Contrary to BBFC Ruling.
- Female Ejaculation: What is it? - by Lisa S. Lawless, R.M., C.E.O. Psychotherapist, Founder Of HolisticWisdom.com
- Female Ejaculation, Myth and Reality by Dr. Santamaría Cabello
- History of "shejaculation"
gushing in Czech: Ženská ejakulace
gushing in Danish: Kvindelig ejakulation
gushing in German: Weibliche Ejakulation
gushing in Spanish: Eyaculación femenina
gushing in French: Éjaculation féminine
gushing in Italian: Eiaculazione femminile
gushing in Lithuanian: Moters ejakuliacija
gushing in Malayalam: രതിസലിലം
gushing in Dutch: Vrouwelijke ejaculatie
gushing in Japanese: 潮吹き (アダルト)
gushing in Polish: Wytrysk u kobiet
gushing in Portuguese: Ejaculação feminina
gushing in Russian: Женская эякуляция
gushing in Finnish: Naisen ejakulaatio
gushing in Swedish: Kvinnlig ejakulation
gushing in Turkish: Kadınlarda boşalma
gushing in Chinese: 女性射精
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